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Updated: 53 min 44 sec ago

Somatosensory alpha oscillations gate perceptual learning efficiency.

15 hours 54 min ago
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Somatosensory alpha oscillations gate perceptual learning efficiency.

Nat Commun. 2019 01 16;10(1):263

Authors: Brickwedde M, Krüger MC, Dinse HR

Abstract
Cognition and perception are closely coupled to alpha power, but whether there is a link between alpha power and perceptual learning efficacy is unknown. Here we show that somatosensory alpha power can be successfully up- and down-regulated with short-term neurofeedback training, which in turn controls subsequent tactile perceptual learning. We find that neurofeedback-induced increases in alpha power lead to enhanced learning, whereas reductions in alpha power impede learning. As a consequence, interindividual learning variability is substantially reduced. No comparable impact is observed for oscillatory power in theta, beta, and lower gamma frequency bands. Our results demonstrate that high pre-learning alpha levels are a requirement for reaching high learning efficiency. These data provide further evidence that alpha oscillations shape the functional architecture of the brain network by gating neural resources and thereby modulating levels of preparedness for upcoming processing.

PMID: 30651567 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Categories: Mind Body Medicine

The effect of an empathy role-play program for operating room nursing students.

15 hours 54 min ago
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The effect of an empathy role-play program for operating room nursing students.

J Educ Eval Health Prof. 2018;15:29

Authors: Larti N, Ashouri E, Aarabi A

Abstract
PURPOSE: The purpose of this research was to investigate the effect of a role-playing training program for empathetic communication with patients on empathy scores of operating room nursing students.
METHODS: This clinical trial was carried out on 77 operating room nursing students from the first to the fourth years studied in the School of Nursing and Midwifery at Isfahan University of Medical Sciences in the academic year 2017-2018. The intervention administered on the experimental group included a 12-hour training program with the theme of expressing empathy to patients using a role-playing technique. The Jefferson Scale of Empathy-Health Profession Students' Version was completed before, immediately after, and one month after the intervention by the samples. Comparison analysis was done among three stages.
RESULTS: Comparing the total mean empathy scores before intervention in the control group and the experimental one did not reveal a significant difference (P=0.50); however, the total mean empathy scores in the experimental group, immediately after and one month after the intervention, was higher than that in the control group (P<0.001).
CONCLUSION: Empathy training through a role-playing technique was effective on improving the empathy scores of operating room nursing students and it also highlighted the fact that empathy could be promoted by education. Making changes in educational curriculum of operating room nursing students was indispensable in order to make them familiar with the concept of empathy in operating room.

PMID: 30541224 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Categories: Mind Body Medicine

Assessment of Pain Management, Acceptance of Illness, and Adjustment to Life with Cancer in Patients with Nonmuscle Invasive Bladder Cancer.

15 hours 54 min ago
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Assessment of Pain Management, Acceptance of Illness, and Adjustment to Life with Cancer in Patients with Nonmuscle Invasive Bladder Cancer.

Biomed Res Int. 2018;2018:7598632

Authors: Krajewski W, Mazur M, Poterek A, Pastuszak A, Halska U, Tukiendorf A, Rymaszewska J, Zdrojowy R

Abstract
Purpose: According to the European Association of Urology bladder cancer is the seventh most commonly diagnosed malignancy in the world's male population. Despite its high incidence, papers evaluating psychological state in those patients' group are lacking. The purpose of the study was to evaluate pain management, disease acceptance, and adjustment to cancer in homogenous group of patients diagnosed with nonmuscle-invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC).
Methods: Group of 252 male patients who were scheduled for NMIBC treatment were prospectively evaluated. Patients fulfilled Acceptance of Illness Scale (AIS), Mini-Mental Adjustment to Cancer (Mini-MAC) and Coping Strategies (CSQ) questionnaires before treatment introduction.
Results: Highest CSQ score was achieved by the coping self-statements subscale (mean=18,37). The catastrophizing subscale score was the lowest (mean=11,24). Place of residence affected results of CSQ statement about pain control. Catastrophizing and coping self-statements strategies were associated with matrimonial status. In the Mini-MAC questionnaire the fighting spirit way of coping had the highest (21,73) and the helplessness-hopelessness subscale had the lowest mean value (13,3). Matrimonial status was strongly associated with anxious preoccupation, fighting spirit, and helplessness - hopelessness way of coping. The mean AIS test score was 28.8. AIS result was influenced by patient's marital status, yet not by education, place of residence, nor any clinical factor.
Conclusions: In the examined group, the level of acceptance of the disease reached values that were slightly higher than the average. It indicated a fairly good adaptation to cancer. Among the methods of coping with cancer, the constructive style is definitely dominant with a high intensity of the fighting spirit strategy. The destructive style of cancer coping reached low values with a low intensity of helplessness/hopelessness strategy. From pain coping strategies, self-statements and praying/hoping were the most commonly chosen ways, whereas catastrophizing was the rarest. Many associations between various questioners' results were also observed.

PMID: 30426013 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Categories: Mind Body Medicine

Immediate effects of real-time postural biofeedback on spinal posture, muscle activity, and perceived pain severity in adults with neck pain.

15 hours 54 min ago
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Immediate effects of real-time postural biofeedback on spinal posture, muscle activity, and perceived pain severity in adults with neck pain.

Gait Posture. 2019 01;67:187-193

Authors: Kuo YL, Wang PS, Ko PY, Huang KY, Tsai YJ

Abstract
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have investigated various types of postural biofeedback devices on different body regions to improve posture; however, they focused only on healthy adults without a history of chronic musculoskeletal disorders. In addition, those postural biofeedback devices used in previous studies are often designed for experimental research. The designs are usually bulky with many wires, which is not practical for everyday use.
RESEARCH QUESTION: The aim of this study was to determine the immediate effect of a commercially available real-time postural biofeedback device on spinal posture, muscle activity, and perceived pain severity in adults with neck pain.
METHODS: 21 adults who had chronic or recurrent nonspecific neck pain for more than 3 months and whose pain was induced or aggravated by prolonged computer work were enrolled in this study. Spinal posture (head tilt, neck flexion, cervical and thoracic angles), muscle activity (cervical erector spinae, upper trapezius, and thoracic erector spinae), and self-reported neck and shoulder pain were measured during computer typing tasks, with and without biofeedback.
RESULTS: Compared with the non-biofeedback condition, the biofeedback condition significantly decreased neck flexion, upper cervical, and lower thoracic angles and lowered the activity of the cervical erector spinae. Self-reported neck pain was not influenced by the application of biofeedback, but significantly increased over the 1-hour typing task.
SIGNIFICANCE: The application of a commercially available wearable real-time biofeedback device improves sitting posture and reduces muscular activity in adults with nonspecific neck pain during computer work. Future studies should examine the long-term effects of wearable real-time postural biofeedback devices for prevention and management of neck pain.

PMID: 30359957 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Categories: Mind Body Medicine

Feasibility of an Internet-based positive psychological intervention for hemodialysis patients with symptoms of depression.

15 hours 54 min ago
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Feasibility of an Internet-based positive psychological intervention for hemodialysis patients with symptoms of depression.

Soc Work Health Care. 2018 Nov-Dec;57(10):864-879

Authors: Hernandez R, Burrows B, Wilund K, Cohn M, Xu S, Moskowitz JT

Abstract
BACKGROUND: Depression is a pervasive psychological issue facing hemodialysis (HD) patients. Novel technology-based treatment strategies that deploy psychology-based interventions have not been the focus for therapy and few published studies exist. The aim of the current trial is to determine the feasibility and acceptability of an Internet-based positive psychological intervention in HD patients with comorbid depressive symptoms.
METHODS: HD patients (n = 14) with elevated symptoms of depression were enrolled in a single-arm pre-post trial with clinical assessments at baseline and immediately post intervention. Chairside during regularly scheduled HD treatment, patients utilized a web browser to complete online modules promoting skills for increasing positive emotion over a 5-week period using Apple IPads. Targeted skills included noting of daily positive events, gratitude, positive reappraisal, acts of kindness, and mindfulness/meditation.
RESULTS: Twelve of 14 patients completed the program for an 85.7% retention rate. Participants felt satisfied with each session and offered consistently positive feedback. On average, participants visited the website 3.5 times per week. Significant improvements were evident for depressive symptoms (15.3 vs. 10.9; p = 0.04), as per the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale.
CONCLUSIONS: An innovative Internet-based positive psychological intervention represents a feasible and useful therapeutic option for HD patients with depressive symptoms.

PMID: 30277449 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Categories: Mind Body Medicine

Nonpharmacologic Treatments for Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: A Systematic Review.

15 hours 54 min ago
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Nonpharmacologic Treatments for Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: A Systematic Review.

Pediatrics. 2018 06;141(6):

Authors: Goode AP, Coeytaux RR, Maslow GR, Davis N, Hill S, Namdari B, LaPointe NMA, Befus D, Lallinger KR, Bowen SE, Kosinski A, McBroom AJ, Sanders GD, Kemper AR

Abstract
CONTEXT: Nonpharmacologic treatments for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) encompass a range of care approaches from structured behavioral interventions to complementary medicines.
OBJECTIVES: To assess the comparative effectiveness of nonpharmacologic treatments for ADHD among individuals 17 years of age and younger.
DATA SOURCES: PubMed, Embase, PsycINFO, and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews for relevant English-language studies published from January 1, 2009 through November 7, 2016.
STUDY SELECTION: We included studies that compared any ADHD nonpharmacologic treatment strategy with placebo, pharmacologic, or another nonpharmacologic treatment.
DATA EXTRACTION: Study design, patient characteristics, intervention approaches, follow-up times, and outcomes were abstracted. For comparisons with at least 3 similar studies, random-effects meta-analysis was used to generate pooled estimates.
RESULTS: We identified 54 studies of nonpharmacologic treatments, including neurofeedback, cognitive training, cognitive behavioral therapy, child or parent training, dietary omega fatty acid supplementation, and herbal and/or dietary approaches. No new guidance was identified regarding the comparative effectiveness of nonpharmacologic treatments. Pooled results for omega fatty acids found no significant effects for parent rating of ADHD total symptoms (n = 411; standardized mean difference -0.32; 95% confidence interval -0.80 to 0.15; I2 = 52.4%; P = .10) or teacher-rated total ADHD symptoms (n = 287; standardized mean difference -0.08; 95% confidence interval -0.47 to 0.32; I2 = 0.0%; P = .56).
LIMITATIONS: Studies often did not reflect the primary care setting and had short follow-up periods, small sample sizes, variations in outcomes, and inconsistent reporting of comparative statistical analyses.
CONCLUSIONS: Despite wide use, there are significant gaps in knowledge regarding the effectiveness of ADHD nonpharmacologic treatments.

PMID: 29848556 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Categories: Mind Body Medicine

Is cognitive-behavioural therapy more effective than relaxation therapy in the treatment of anxiety disorders? A meta-analysis.

15 hours 54 min ago
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Is cognitive-behavioural therapy more effective than relaxation therapy in the treatment of anxiety disorders? A meta-analysis.

Psychol Med. 2018 07;48(9):1427-1436

Authors: Montero-Marin J, Garcia-Campayo J, López-Montoyo A, Zabaleta-Del-Olmo E, Cuijpers P

Abstract
BACKGROUND: It is not clear whether relaxation therapies are more or less effective than cognitive and behavioural therapies in the treatment of anxiety. The aims of the present study were to examine the effects of relaxation techniques compared to cognitive and behavioural therapies in reducing anxiety symptoms, and whether they have comparable efficacy across disorders.
METHOD: We conducted a meta-analysis of 50 studies (2801 patients) comparing relaxation training with cognitive and behavioural treatments of anxiety.
RESULTS: The overall effect size (ES) across all anxiety outcomes, with only one combined ES in each study, was g = -0.27 [95% confidence interval (CI) = -0.41 to -0.13], favouring cognitive and behavioural therapies (number needed to treat = 6.61). However, no significant difference between relaxation and cognitive and behavioural therapies was found for generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, social anxiety disorder and specific phobias (considering social anxiety and specific phobias separately). Heterogeneity was moderate (I2 = 52; 95% CI = 33-65). The ES was significantly associated with age (p < 0.001), hours of cognitive and/or behavioural therapy (p = 0.015), quality of intervention (p = 0.007), relaxation treatment format (p < 0.001) and type of disorder (p = 0.008), explaining an 82% of variance.
CONCLUSIONS: Relaxation seems to be less effective than cognitive and behavioural therapies in the treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder, and obsessive-compulsive disorder and it might also be less effective at 1-year follow-up for panic, but there is no evidence that it is less effective for other anxiety disorders.

PMID: 29037266 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Categories: Mind Body Medicine

Do Acute Benefits of Interpersonal Psychotherapy for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Endure?

15 hours 54 min ago
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Do Acute Benefits of Interpersonal Psychotherapy for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Endure?

Can J Psychiatry. 2018 01;63(1):37-43

Authors: Markowitz JC, Choo TH, Neria Y

Abstract
OBJECTIVE: The Psychotherapies for Chronic PTSD randomised trial found that three 14-week psychotherapies acutely benefitted patients with chronic posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Previous research has reported sustained follow-up benefits for prolonged exposure (PE) and relaxation therapy (RT), but few comparable data exist for interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT). We describe 3-month follow-up for acute responders to all 3 treatments.
METHOD: Acute responders, defined a priori as ≥30% improved from baseline, were reevaluated after 3-month no-treatment follow-up by independent evaluators using the Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale (CAPS).
RESULTS: Fifty of 110 initial study entrants met acute responder status at week 14. Forty-three (86%) responders entered follow-up: 23 remitters (CAPS ≤20) and 20 responders. At week 26, 27 had achieved remission status, 10 remained responders, and 6 had relapsed. Of week 14 remitters, 8 of 9 PE, all 8 IPT, and 4 of 6 RT patients remained remitted. Relapse rates were 7% (1/9) for PE, 10% (2/20) for IPT, and 33% (3/9) for RT. At week 26, PE showed greater improvement on CAPS than RT ( P = 0.048) and a trend for superiority over IPT ( P = 0.098), with no significant difference between IPT and RT. Depressive symptoms remained low during follow-up.
CONCLUSIONS: These are the first systematic data on follow-up responder status and persistence of acute treatment benefits in patients receiving individual IPT for chronic PTSD. Patients generally maintained gains across treatments, fluctuating most in RT. Study limitations include small sample size and brief follow-up interval. PTSD research should employ response and remission criteria.

PMID: 28743198 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Categories: Mind Body Medicine

Detecting divisions of the autonomic nervous system using wearables.

15 hours 54 min ago
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Detecting divisions of the autonomic nervous system using wearables.

Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2016 08;2016:5761-5764

Authors: Natarajan A, Xu KS, Eriksson B

Abstract
The ability to assess a user's emotional reaction from biometrics has applications in personalization, recommendation, and enhancing user experiences, among other areas. Unfortunately, understanding the connection between biometric signals and user reactions has previously focused on black box techniques that are opaque to the underlying physiology of the user. In this paper, we explore a novel user study connecting biometric reaction to external stimuli and changes in the user's autonomic nervous system. Specifically, we focus on two competing responses, namely the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous system, and how differing activations are related to different user responses. Our experiments demonstrate how prior psychophysiological research distinguishing this activation can be replicated using biometric data collected from wearables. The insights from this work have applications in better understanding emotional state from biometric sensors.

PMID: 28269563 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Categories: Mind Body Medicine

Reinforcement learning for stabilizing an inverted pendulum naturally leads to intermittent feedback control as in human quiet standing.

15 hours 54 min ago
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Reinforcement learning for stabilizing an inverted pendulum naturally leads to intermittent feedback control as in human quiet standing.

Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2016 Aug;2016:37-40

Authors: Michimoto K, Suzuki Y, Kiyono K, Kobayashi Y, Morasso P, Nomura T

Abstract
Intermittent feedback control for stabilizing human upright stance is a promising strategy, alternative to the standard time-continuous stiffness control. Here we show that such an intermittent controller can be established naturally through reinforcement learning. To this end, we used a single inverted pendulum model of the upright posture and a very simple reward function that gives a certain amount of punishments when the inverted pendulum falls or changes its position in the state space. We found that the acquired feedback controller exhibits hallmarks of the intermittent feedback control strategy, namely the action of the feedback controller is switched-off intermittently when the state of the pendulum is located near the stable manifold of the unstable saddle-type upright equilibrium of the inverted pendulum with no active control: this action provides an opportunity to exploit transiently converging dynamics toward the unstable upright position with no help of the active feedback control. We then speculate about a possible physiological mechanism of such reinforcement learning, and suggest that it may be related to the neural activity in the pedunculopontine tegmental nucleus (PPN) of the brainstem. This hypothesis is supported by recent evidence indicating that PPN might play critical roles for generation and regulation of postural tonus, reward prediction, as well as postural instability in patients with Parkinson's disease.

PMID: 28268275 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Categories: Mind Body Medicine

Clinic Outcome Assessment of a Brief Course Neurofeedback for Childhood ADHD Symptoms.

15 hours 54 min ago
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Clinic Outcome Assessment of a Brief Course Neurofeedback for Childhood ADHD Symptoms.

J Behav Health Serv Res. 2017 07;44(3):506-514

Authors: Nooner KB, Leaberry KD, Keith JR, Ogle RL

PMID: 27189699 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Categories: Mind Body Medicine

Getting to Know You: Familiarity, Stereotypes, and Children's Eyewitness Memory.

15 hours 54 min ago
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Getting to Know You: Familiarity, Stereotypes, and Children's Eyewitness Memory.

Behav Sci Law. 2016 Jan;34(1):74-94

Authors: Cordón IM, Silberkleit G, Goodman GS

Abstract
The present study concerned how the acquisition of social information, specifically knowledge about personal characteristics, influences young children's memory and suggestibility. Effects of two sources of knowledge about a target person were systematically examined: familiarity and stereotypes. Children, aged 4-5 and 7-9 years (N = 145), were randomly assigned, per age group, to experimental conditions based on a familiarity (6 hours vs. no prior exposure) × stereotype (negative depiction as messy and clumsy vs. no stereotype) factorial design. Children then watched the target person engage in a target event (a series of contests) at a preschool ("Camp Ingrid"). The children's memory and suggestibility about the target person and target event were tested after a delay of 2 weeks. Results indicated that the negative stereotype resulted in an increase in children's correct responses both to free-recall stereotype-related questions (when children were unfamiliar with the target person) and to closed-ended questions overall (for younger children). However, the stereotype was associated with greater error to stereotype-related closed-ended questions. Moreover, familiarity increased children's accuracy to closed-ended questions. Implications for theory and application are discussed. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

PMID: 27117602 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Categories: Mind Body Medicine

Effects of multitasking on operator performance using computational and auditory tasks.

15 hours 54 min ago
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Effects of multitasking on operator performance using computational and auditory tasks.

Int J Occup Saf Ergon. 2016 Sep;22(3):405-13

Authors: Fasanya BK

Abstract
This study investigated the effects of multiple cognitive tasks on human performance. Twenty-four students at North Carolina A&T State University participated in the study. The primary task was auditory signal change perception and the secondary task was a computational task. Results showed that participants' performance in a single task was statistically significantly different from their performance in combined tasks: (a) algebra problems (algebra problem primary and auditory perception secondary); (b) auditory perception tasks (auditory perception primary and algebra problems secondary); and (c) mean false-alarm score in auditory perception (auditory detection primary and algebra problems secondary). Using signal detection theory (SDT), participants' performance measured in terms of sensitivity was calculated as -0.54 for combined tasks (algebra problems the primary task) and -0.53 auditory perceptions the primary task. During auditory perception tasks alone, SDT was found to be 2.51. Performance was 83% in a single task compared to 17% when combined tasks.

PMID: 26886505 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Categories: Mind Body Medicine

Real-Time Neurofeedback to Modulate β-Band Power in the Subthalamic Nucleus in Parkinson's Disease Patients.

Wed, 2019-03-20 07:00
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Real-Time Neurofeedback to Modulate β-Band Power in the Subthalamic Nucleus in Parkinson's Disease Patients.

eNeuro. 2018 Nov-Dec;5(6):

Authors: Fukuma R, Yanagisawa T, Tanaka M, Yoshida F, Hosomi K, Oshino S, Tani N, Kishima H

Abstract
The β-band oscillation in the subthalamic nucleus (STN) is a therapeutic target for Parkinson's disease. Previous studies demonstrated that l-DOPA decreases the β-band (13-30 Hz) oscillations with improvement of motor symptoms. However, it has not been elucidated whether patients with Parkinson's disease are able to control the β-band oscillation voluntarily. Here, we hypothesized that neurofeedback training to control the β-band power in the STN induces plastic changes in the STN of individuals with Parkinson's disease. We recorded the signals from STN deep-brain stimulation electrodes during operations to replace implantable pulse generators in eight human patients (3 male) with bilateral electrodes. Four patients were induced to decrease the β-band power during the feedback training (down-training condition), whereas the other patients were induced to increase (up-training condition). All patients were blinded to their assigned condition. Adjacent contacts that showed the highest β-band power were selected for the feedback. During the 10 min training, patients were shown a circle whose diameter was controlled by the β-band power of the selected contacts. Powers in the β-band during 5 min resting sessions recorded before and after the feedback were compared. In the down-training condition, the β-band power of the selected contacts decreased significantly after feedback in all four patients (p < 0.05). In contrast, the β-band power significantly increased after feedback in two of four patients in the up-training condition. Overall, the patients could voluntarily control the β-band power in STN in the instructed direction (p < 0.05) through neurofeedback.

PMID: 30627648 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Categories: Mind Body Medicine

Massage with or without aromatherapy for symptom relief in people with cancer.

Tue, 2019-03-19 06:58
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Massage with or without aromatherapy for symptom relief in people with cancer.

Res Nurs Health. 2018 12;41(6):593-594

Authors: Wilson A

PMID: 30351491 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Categories: Mind Body Medicine

Mindfulness-based stress reduction for menopausal symptoms after risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy (PURSUE study): a randomised controlled trial.

Tue, 2019-03-19 06:58
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Mindfulness-based stress reduction for menopausal symptoms after risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy (PURSUE study): a randomised controlled trial.

BJOG. 2019 Feb;126(3):402-411

Authors: van Driel C, de Bock GH, Schroevers MJ, Mourits MJ

Abstract
OBJECTIVE: To assess the short- and long-term effects of mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) on the resulting quality of life, sexual functioning, and sexual distress after risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy (RRSO).
DESIGN: Randomised controlled trial.
SETTING: A specialised family cancer clinic of the university medical center Groningen.
POPULATION: Sixty-six women carriers of the BRCA1/2 mutation who developed at least two moderate-to-severe menopausal symptoms after RRSO.
METHODS: Women were randomised to an 8-week MBSR training programme or to care as usual (CAU).
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Change in the Menopause-Specific Quality of Life Questionnaire (MENQOL), the Female Sexual Function Index, and the Female Sexual Distress Scale, administered from baseline at 3, 6, and 12 months. Linear mixed modelling was applied to compare the effect of MBSR with CAU over time.
RESULTS: At 3 and 12 months, there were statistically significant improvements in the MENQOL for the MBSR group compared with the CAU group (both P = 0.04). At 3 months, the mean MENQOL scores were 3.5 (95% confidence interval, 95% CI 3.0-3.9) and 3.8 (95% CI 3.3-4.2) for the MBSR and CAU groups, respectively; at 12 months, the corresponding values were 3.6 (95% CI 3.1-4.0) and 3.9 (95% CI 3.5-4.4). No significant differences were found between the MBSR and CAU groups in the other scores.
CONCLUSION: Mindfulness-based stress reduction was effective at improving quality of life in the short- and long-term for patients with menopausal symptoms after RRSO; however, it was not associated with an improvement in sexual functioning or distress.
TWEETABLE ABSTRACT: Mindfulness improves menopause-related quality of life in women after risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy.

PMID: 30222235 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Categories: Mind Body Medicine

The control of a virtual automatic car based on multiple patterns of motor imagery BCI.

Tue, 2019-03-19 06:58
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The control of a virtual automatic car based on multiple patterns of motor imagery BCI.

Med Biol Eng Comput. 2019 Jan;57(1):299-309

Authors: Wang H, Li T, Bezerianos A, Huang H, He Y, Chen P

Abstract
Multiple degrees of freedom (DOF) commands are required for a brain-actuated virtual automatic car, which makes the brain-computer interface (BCI) control strategy a big challenge. In order to solve the challenging issue, a mixed model of BCI combining P300 potentials and motor imagery had been realized in our previous study. However, compared with single model BCI, more training procedures are needed for the mixed model and more mental workload for users to bear. In the present study, we propose a multiple patterns of motor imagery (MPMI) BCI method, which is based on the traditional two patterns of motor imagery. Our motor imagery BCI approach had been extended to multiple patterns: right-hand motor imagery, left-hand motor imagery, foot motor imagery, and both hands motor imagery resulting in turning right, turning left, acceleration, and deceleration for a virtual automatic car control. Ten healthy subjects participated in online experiments, the experimental results not only show the efficiency of our proposed MPMI-BCI strategy but also indicate that those users can control the virtual automatic car spontaneously and efficiently without any other visual attention. Furthermore, the metric of path length optimality ratio (1.23) is very encouraging and the time optimality ratio (1.28) is especially remarkable. Graphical Abstract The paradigm of multiple patterns of motor imagery detection and the relevant topographies of CSP weights for different MI patterns.

PMID: 30101383 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Categories: Mind Body Medicine

ENHANCING IMPLICIT LEARNING WITH POSTHYPNOTIC SUGGESTION: An ERP Study.

Tue, 2019-03-19 06:58
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ENHANCING IMPLICIT LEARNING WITH POSTHYPNOTIC SUGGESTION: An ERP Study.

Int J Clin Exp Hypn. 2018 Apr-Jun;66(2):174-210

Authors: Daltrozzo J, Valdez GE

Abstract
Can posthypnotic suggestion (PHS) enhance cognitive abilities? The authors tested behaviorally and with event-related potentials (ERP) if sequential learning (SL), the ability to learn statistical regularities, can be enhanced with PHS. Thirty adults were assessed with the Stanford Hypnotic Susceptibility Scale (Form C) and an auditory SL task. Before this task, half the sample received a PHS to enhance SL, and the other half received the same suggestion under normal waking state. Response times and ERPs indicated a strong effect of PHS. Compared to the control group, PHS inverted, attenuated, or left unaffected the response time SL effect in low, medium, and high hypnotizability participants, respectively. These results suggest that PHS cannot be used to enhance SL.

PMID: 29601280 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Categories: Mind Body Medicine

The Effect of Hypnosis on Adherence to Antituberculosis Drugs Using the Health Belief Model.

Tue, 2019-03-19 06:58
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The Effect of Hypnosis on Adherence to Antituberculosis Drugs Using the Health Belief Model.

Int J Clin Exp Hypn. 2018 Apr-Jun;66(2):211-227

Authors: Prasetya H, Murti B, Anantanyu S, Syamsulhadi M

Abstract
An RCT on the efficacy of hypnosis in improving adherence to antituberculosis treatment using the Health Belief Model (HBM). Sixty study subjects were sampled at random from tuberculosis patients who visited the Center for Pulmonary Community Health in Solo, Indonesia. Hypnotherapy with posthypnotic suggestions was delivered once a week over 6 months. The data on pretested 7 HBM constructs were analyzed using t test and path analysis. Hypnotherapy had a positive effect on perceived susceptibility, seriousness, threat, benefit, and self-efficacy. It indirectly had a positive effect on adherence. Hypnotherapy had a negative effect on perceived barrier. This study supports the hypothesis that hypnotherapy effectively improves adherence to tuberculosis treatment, by enhancing health-related perception and beliefs in the HBM.

PMID: 29601278 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Categories: Mind Body Medicine

THE EFFECT OF A HYPNOTIC-BASED ANIMATED VIDEO ON STRESS AND PAIN REDUCTION IN PEDIATRIC SURGERY.

Tue, 2019-03-19 06:58
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THE EFFECT OF A HYPNOTIC-BASED ANIMATED VIDEO ON STRESS AND PAIN REDUCTION IN PEDIATRIC SURGERY.

Int J Clin Exp Hypn. 2018 Apr-Jun;66(2):123-133

Authors: Arnon Z, Hanan H, Mogilner J

Abstract
Presurgical stress and its negative influences on postsurgical recovery and pain are well documented in the medical literature. Hence, the reduction of stress is advisable. The present study aimed to reduce stress using a hypnotic-based animated video. Thirty children aged 3 to 16 years hospitalized for ambulatory surgery for undescended testes or umbilical/inguinal hernia were recruited for the study. They watched the video 1 time prior to surgery in the presence of their parents and reported their anxiety and pain pre- and postvideo watching on a visual analogue scale. The results show a statistically significant reduction in both anxiety and pain. The article describes the structuring of the animated video and includes links to English, Hebrew, and Arabic versions of it.

PMID: 29601276 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Categories: Mind Body Medicine

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